Asphalt pavement specifications

Asphalt pavement specifications see the necessary guidelines to ensure paving projects, including residential driveways; roads and public recreational spaces meet the necessary standards for the weather. Specifications include traffic, foundation, drainage and thick asphalt.


Specifications should consider traffic patterns. Asphalt pavement, structures must transfer and distribute the load of vehicle wheel support structure of the foundation. The plans must take into account the amount of traffic and wheel loads of vehicles. Usually, loads, consisting of passenger cars to the double coupled, ranging from 2,000 to 80,000 pounds.


The aggregate base constitutes the basis for the project. Aggregates consist of a mixture of materials, such as sand, gravel, crushed rocks and other materials fillers. The base serves as a barrier of ice. Frost barrier keeps the asphalt surface rising due to ice, snow and cold of the winter season.

The foundation also serves as a solid surface that provides durable support for load bearing structure design for asphalt under a variety of conditions. The load bearing capacity for residential entries differs from the rules of support for road traffic. If the site already has a subgrade or a composition comprising a similar material to the gravel composition may be sufficient one to two inches of stone or recycled aggregates processed.

When working with soil, it may be required eight inches to 10 inches thick base. Contractors should consult the recommendations for the given area, including local Department of Transportation specification for asphalt paving. Material thickness must not exceed six inches thick, which allows the material to compact properly.

Sewer system

The presence of water can drain from beneath the floor, it weakens the structure. For asphalt surfaces drain properly, the base must have the right tone. More design criteria for residential and commercial projects demand a minimum range of two percent or two feet by 100 feet. Other specifications may require drainage installation sub-drains to drain water from the pavement structure.

Asphalt thickness

Asphalt projects to the size of small commercial projects require a packing density in the range of 90 to 95 percent. The final compact finish should be compared with no more than five times the size of the largest stone material used for mixing asphalt. The maximum size of stone ranging between 3/8 and ½ inch; therefore specifications allow maximum discharge the mixture of 2-½ inches, so when compacted, pavement compaction has a maximum thickness of two inches. If delivery or garbage trucks uses the structure of a thickness of 3-1 / 2 inch, consisting of two elevators – a layer folder two inches – and a top layer of 1-1 / 2 inches it is generally necessary. The ability to load some commercial structures requires greater thicknesses.

Asphalt repair DIY

Asphalt is commonly used in high-traffic roads. The use of asphalt roads prevents entry homemade crack like concrete driveways. Unfortunately, over time the asphalt road potholes develop and need to patch the hole to prevent further damage to the road and prevent damage to cars. Fortunately, it’s easy to do with the materials and supplies to repair a pothole on road asphalt.


  • Clean the pothole. Use a broom to sweep clean any residue slump. Use a vacuum cleaner to pick up any small pieces of debris they were unable to sweep.
  • Pour a layer of half-inch of cold mix asphalt in the hole. Use a tamper metal to tread the asphalt to make it compact. Keep adding more cold mix asphalt, compaction manipulations after every layer of 1/2 inch, until the hole is filled and the bottom layer of asphalt down flush with the asphalt around the hole.
  • Let the patch dry for at least 24 hours before letting cars drive on the hole patched. If the patched area becomes depression compared with the asphalt around it, reapply another layer of cold mix asphalt.



Asphalt repair is like dental work: the longer you go without doing something about the problem, the bigger it becomes. Sometimes the damage occurs because asphalt was put either too thin or without adequate support.

Often, the damage only occurs in a small area. A simple repair can extend the life of your asphalt. There are three types of repair work on asphalt filling: depression, repairing cracks and filling a pothole. Repair cracks and fill a pothole require preventive preparation, while filling a depression is just what it sounds like.

Saw or chisel a perimeter around the damaged area. Make sure that the asphalt is not cracked or broken is outside the perimeter. Cut or chisel out the perimeter by a good asphalt.

Remove loose pieces of asphalt with a pick and shovel. Separating and removing the asphalt well within the perimeter of the court with the selection. Clean any loose or soft dirt and all debris. Soft shoveling dirt is especially important for the depressions. Soft dirt is why you got a depression in the first place. You want a solid base for review.

Fill the cleaned area with asphalt. Rake it level. Although the level want the top of the patch 2 to 3 inches above the asphalt around – crowned. This will account for asphalt compaction when turning. Otherwise crowns asphalt unpacked, you will receive a bump after the traffic goes over your patch.

Turn the wheel of his vehicle in patches five or six times to compact it. If the asphalt is not installed and you no longer need a crown, add more asphalt and then repack the patch.

How to build steps stone pavers

Pavement facilities will need support strong and durable pavers for outdoors, such as decks, walkways and retaining walls. These pavers can also withstand wear outdoor stairs in your home, garden or patio. They come in a variety of designs and styles and once you select your stones, should provide adequate support and the Foundation for the construction project, or pavers could collapse under its weight.


  • Dig 8 inches deep in the area where the first step is installed; the width of the compaction area varies depending on the desired size of the step. Compacting the subsurface plate compactor or manipulations to create a completely flat surface support your hand.
  • Place a layer of landscape fabric to cover the excavated area. This will help drain rainwater under the step. Cover the cloth with a layer of ¾ inch crushed stone aggregate and compact the layer as well. Now you have a flat, stable surface on which you can install your step.
  • Mix two parts sand moistened with one part Portland cement to create a thick paste. Add a layer of ¼ of the dough over the raw material to create a flat surface for installing your pavers.
  • Establish your first course of pavers directly on the sand/cement level check after every stone put to ensure that the cobblestones flat against the floor and others.
  • Cut 1 inch paver first to the second level of pavers to ensure staggered joints between the stones, which provide better structural support for your steps. Depending on the stone, you need to use a chisel and mallet or a piece of diamond wet Sierra to cut them. Continue to build up and stagger joints up to the proper height for passage.
  • Spread a layer of sand on top of the pass and sweep paver joints between pavers to provide better structural support. To place the sand, compacting or tamping the surface of the step when done.

How to patch asphalt repair

The cracks in the asphalt road will not go away on its own. It will get worse over time, especially in cold climates where freezing temperatures exacerbate existing cracks, according to Reader’s Digest. Cracked asphalt covering with a patch repair is not difficult, but it can be a dirty job.


  • Clean your way first by sweeping any debris. Since gas and oil weaken the asphalt, also you need to scrub your entry or asphalt before it can be patched.
  • Squirt liquid detergent directly on any gas stains on your driveway asphalt. Then wet the soap lightly with water from a hose. Working long broom handle forward and backward on the spot to create a soapy emulsion gas. Rinse the soap off, and then repeat if necessary until it enters everything is clean.
  • Expect the asphalt road to dry before filling cracks and holes big patch.
  • Squirt liquid crack filler in small cracks of less than an inch wide. This substance hardens and prevents water from getting in the asphalt.
  • Fill large cracks and holes with cold patch asphalt, using a small asphalt to work in the hole palette. It is a dry mixture can buy a building supply store. Pour an inch of asphalt cold patch into the hole, and then push it down, using a brick. Add one more and tamp inch, repeating the process until the entire hole or crack is filled with cold patch asphalt.
  • Repeat step 5 until you have completed the repair patch of asphalt. To protect the asphalt of future harm may apply sealant. Natural Handyman recommends patch cure leave your job fall to winter, then close your asphalt driveway in the spring.

Tips & Warnings

  • To seal the asphalt, pour the sealant into a long ribbon along the asphalt. Push the sealant forward and backward, using a squeegee, until his entrance was covered with sealant. Allow the area to dry at least 24 hours.